Nowadays Samba is the collective name for all music from Brazil, like Jazz has become much more than Jazz alone. Therefore a Samba oriented group has a lot to choose from. Sambaca’s musical universe contains the following rhythms:

Samba Batucada
Everything you’ve heard about Rio is true: the vibration, the danger, the music, the costumes, the dancing, the entourage, the women & the alcohol… For the Carioca (inhabitant of Rio) the parades in the Sambodromo during Carnival are the absolute event of the year, only to be compared with the World Championship Soccer. Each Escola de Samba has a bateria of around 250 players who are carefully selected during the rehearsals that start taking place right after the new song for the next Carnaval is chosen and arranged. The sections of instruments are: Surdos 1,2,3,4- Tamborims- Bells- Caixas (snares)- Repiniques- Ganzas/Rocca’s- Cuica's. The strict structure and hierarchy of function within the baterias make the typical samba sound, although for the experienced listener there is a clear difference between e.g. the baterias of Mangeira and Mocidade. Different patterns for Surdos or Caixas, use of Agogo bells, it all adds up to the variety and distinctions.

Samba Reggae
A flight up north may lead to Salavador Bahia… Here the people are more African, in looks and orientation. In the early seventies the black awareness movement had its influence in this part of Brazil. People got into James Brown, Jackson Five and …Bob Marley & Jimmy Cliff, the Jamaican musicians who became world famous and symbols of success to all blacks. The musical influence can be heard in the great rhythms of Samba Reggae. Exponents of this movement are percussion groups like Ile Aiye and Olodum, and artists like Carlinhos Brown and Daniela Mercury. Samba Reggae is on the move, still exploring modern black sounds from Africa and the US, and therefore it keeps appealing to a lot of young people. The reggae component consists of the strong off-beat, a more laidback feel and movement and more freedom in composition and arrangements.

Further north we find more rhythms, like Maracatu, Baiao and Afoxé, which all have become part of the Sambaca repertoire.